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RE: (ET) e-15 eats reverse relays
- Subject: RE: (ET) e-15 eats reverse relays
- From: "Pieter Litchfield" <plitch attglobal net>
- Date: Sat, 8 Jun 2002 07:52:48 -0400
- Importance: Normal
- In-reply-to: <009201c20e97$3bb9d440$ad5ba642 crystel com>
- Sender: owner-elec-trak cosmos phy tufts edu
As I mentioned in another post, your observation about the current flow
seems borne out by my experience - unless I allow the motor to come to a
complete standstill (even in neutral), I can see quite an arc on the
relay points. I can read enough of a schematic to confirm that you are
correct in your recollection of e-15 technology; the reversing relay does
indeed reverse the field.
Of course my problem is heightened by use - a loader spends a lot of time
reversing direction compared to a trac used to just mow the lawn, allowing
lots of opportunity to burn those relay points.
Many thanks for your reply.
From: owner-elec-trak cosmos phy tufts edu
[mailto:owner-elec-trak cosmos phy tufts edu]On Behalf Of Christopher
Sent: Friday, June 07, 2002 10:50 PM
To: Pieter Litchfield; Discussion list Electrac tractor
Subject: Re: (ET) e-15 eats reverse relays
Well, if I recall correctly, the E15 reverses the direction of current in
the stator field when you go to reverse. The E20 reverses the contactors
that flow power to the armature.
When you toss an E20 into reverse, the relay basically only has to switch
the current for two contactors. Not much at all. The contactors take the
surge from the armature, but they are really big, so this is not too much
On the E15 though, going through to reverse while the motor is going
will set up a significant amount of current which will fry the very small
pads on the relay.
My guess is they went to the E15 method of reversal (stator vs. armature)
because it's cheaper. Going this way removes four contactors from the
circuit (each direction requires two contactors). The "right" way to do it
would be to put a stronger relay in there, or a solenoid, however if this
were done my quess would be that the back-current would blow up the field
weakening logic pretty quickly.
----- Original Message -----
From: "Pieter Litchfield" <plitch attglobal net>
To: "Discussion list Electrac tractor" <elec-trak cosmos phy tufts edu>
Sent: Friday, June 07, 2002 8:24 PM
Subject: (ET) e-15 eats reverse relays
> My e-15 w/bucket loader has a nasty habit of eating the reverse relay -
> welds or fries the contacts while in reverse, or when switching from
> to forward modes. Over the past several years it has eaten 3 or 4.
> I am now using the improved Bill Gunn relay, and while definitely
> the tractor's demon is stronger still.
> I had assumed that perhaps the motor of a rolling tractor acts as a
> generator and that shifting too quickly from reverse to forward might
> the motor to weld contacts (or something). I do notice a spark when the
> rely breaks contacts with the reverse contacts if I shift it without the
> motor coming to a standstill, even with the tractor in neutral. No spark
> seems to occur when the motor is completely stopped. However, this could
> just be coincidental with something else - like a component that looses a
> charge over a short time.
> I do have the complete "homeowner's repair manual", but I ain't no
> so I look at the pretty pictures of wires and remain more or less
> I'll ask Bill when I order more relays, but does anyone else want to
> a suggestion as to why I eat relays?